Native Plants

Easy to Grow, Lincoln County Native Plants that attract birds and can be found in the nursery trade
Common Name and Botanical Name.
Thanks to Master Gardener Bruce Waugh for generously sharing this information!

Key: (A) aggressive, (D) dry, well drained soils, (L) landscape plants with particular value due to their beauty, an admittedly subjective opinion, (S) sun, (SH) shade, (T) thorned, (W) will take wet soils. REMEMBER TO PLANT HEDGEROWS TO ATTRACT AND PROTECT BIRDS that are attracted to each species. Not an exclusive list.

Evergreen trees/large shrubs:
Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga mensiesii: (S) Shade intolerant when young, good wind resistance. Pine siskins, Chickadees, Nuthatches, Creepers.
Shore Pine Pinus contorta: (S) Grosbeaks, Chickadees, Pigeons, Jays, Juncos, Nuthatches, Finches, Pine siskins, Bushtits, Kinglets, Woodpeckers.
Western Yew Taxus brevifolia: (SH) Takes deep shade. Slow grower.
Western Red Cedar Thuja plicata: (W) Will tolerate wet soils, difficult to grow plants beneath. Grosbeaks, Sparrows, Waxwings, Nuthatches, Pine siskins.
Western Hemlock Tsuga heterophylla: (SH) Takes deep shade. Juncos, Finches.
Wax Myrtle Myrica Californica: Flickers, Chickadees, Waxwings, Warblers, Robins.

Large deciduous trees:

Alder Alnus rubra: (W) Fast growing, fixes nitrogen in soil. Ducks, Widgeons, Bushtits, Kinglets, Finches, Pine siskins, Vireos, Warblers, Chickadees, Woodpeckers, Pigeons.
Big Leaf Maple Acer macrophyllum: (W) Difficult to grow plants beneath. Woodpeckers, Nuthatches, Sparrows, Finches, Pine siskins, Warblers, Vireos.

Small deciduous trees/large deciduous shrubs:
Cascara Rhamnus purshiana: (L) Pretty patio tree. Don't plant over decks as fall fruits stain black. Waxwings, Pigeons, Robins, Thrushes, Finches, Jays.
Crab Apple Malus fusca: (D) (S) Geese, Woodpeckers, Sapsuckers, Jays, Robins, Waxwings, Towhees, Finches, Sparrows, Hummingbirds.
Coast Willow Salix hookeriana: (W) Birds attracted to insects on leaves.
Creek Dogwood Cornus stolonifera: (L) (W) Striking red winter twig color on newer growth, Vireos, Warblers, Robins, Flickers, Flycatchers, Wood Ducks, Finches, Quail.
Hawthorn Crataegus douglasii: (T) Robins, Waxwings, Wood Ducks, Thrushes.
Hazelnut Corylus cornuta: Jays.
Indian Plum Oemleria cerasiformis: Very early flowering. Jays, Robins, Chickadees.
Oceanspray Holodiscus discolor: (D) Chickadees, Bushtits.
Pacific Ninebark Physocarpus capitatus: (S) Pretty winter bark.
Red Elderberry Sambucus racemosa pubens: (W) Fast growing tropical looking. Sparrows, Thrushes, Warblers, Jays, Tanagers, Grosbeaks, Sapsuckers, Woodpeckers.
Red Flowering Currant Ribes sanguineum: (D) (L) (S) Hummingbirds. Summer watering after the first year of transplanting may kill.
Salmonberry Rubus spectabilis: (A) (T) Best in middle of hedgerow. Chickadees, Grosbeaks, Jays, Sparrows, Tanagers, Towhees, Waxwings, Thrushes, Woodpeckers, Wrens, Hummingbirds. Swainson's thrush is known as the 'salmonberry bird' in native languages.
Serviceberry Amelanchier alnifolia: (D) (L) (S) Woodpeckers, Chickadees, Thrushes, Towhees, Tanagers, Grosbeaks, Finches, Juncos, Waxwings.
Twinberry Lonicera involucrata: (W) Grosbeaks, Juncos, Waxwings, Thrushes, Towhees, Flickers, Finches, Quail, Hummingbirds.

Thimbleberry Rubus parviflorus: (A) Our native raspberry, thornless, See Salmonberry.
Vine Maple Acer circinatum: (L) Very adaptable cousin to Japanese Maple. Grosbeaks, Vireos, Woodpeckers, Nuthatches, Finches, Quail.

Small evergreen shrubs:
Evergreen Huckleberry Vaccinium ovatum: (L) Waxwings, Juncos, Jays, Chickadees.
Salal Gaultheria shallon: (A) Wrens, Thrushes, Juncos, Pigeons.
Tall Oregon Grape Mahonia aquifolium: (L) Robins, Finches, Towhees, Hummingbirds.

Small deciduous shrubs:
Deciduous Huckleberry Vaccinium parvifolium: (L) Robins, Jays.
Devils Club Oplopanax horridus: (L) (SH) (T) (W) Bears like the berries too: Unique.
Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus: (A) Winter berries, Juncos, Chickadees, Thrushes.
Spirea Spiraea douglasii: (A) (S) (W) Pretty pink flowers, provides dense cover.
Wild Roses Rosa spp.: (A) (S) (T) Hummingbirds, Juncos, Grosbeaks, Quail, Thrushes.

Perennials, Ground Covers, Grasses, and a Vine!
Bleeding Heart Dicentra formosa: (L) (SH) Flowers last longer than the ornamental variety.
Bunchberry Cornus canadensis/unalaschkensis: (L) (SH) Needs humus rich soil.
California Poppy Eschscholtzia californica: (A) (L) (S) Self seeds.
Coast Penstemon Penstemon serrulatus: (D) (L) (S)
Columbine Aquilega formosa: (L) Short lived but can self seed. Hybridizes readily.
Common Rush Juncus effusus: (A) (W)
Deschampsia Caespitosa Tufted hairgrass: (S)
Fringecup Tellima grandiflora: (A) (L) (SH) Fragrant, looks good year round.
Goat's Beard Aruncus sylvester: (L) (SH) (W) Tall, astilbe looking, herbaceous perennial.
Honeysuckle Lonicera ciliosa: (L) (S) Our native vine with orange flowers.
Kinnikinnick Arctostaphylos uva-ursi: (L) (D) (S)
Lupine Lupinus spp.: (L) Slugs love.
Maybud Maianthemum dilatatum: (A) (SH) (W) Sitka spruce forest groundcover.
Miner's Lettuce Claytonia sibirica: (A) Not only a seed source for birds but also a choice overwintering salad green for bi-pedal humanoids.
Oxalis Oregana Wood sorrel: (A) (SH)
Slough Sedge Carex obnupta: (A) (W)
Strawberry Fragaria chiloensis: (A)

Information sources Native Plant Society of Oregon. Bird lists per plant and also a good source for natives.
Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast Pojar and Mackinnon, Best ethnobotanical field guide.
Field Guide to Western Birds Roger Tory Peterson
Naturescaping, A Place for Wildlife Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Native Plants in the Coastal Garden April Pettinger, Design ideas and companion plant lists.
Gardening With Native Plants Arthur Kruckeberg, The 'Bible' of NW native gardening.
Landscaping with Nature Jeff Cox, Excellent starter book. Companion plant lists.
Wetland Plants of Oregon/Washington Sara Cooke
Birds in Your Backyard Ted Pettit
The Birders Handbook Ehrlich, Dobkin and Wheye

Sources for buying native plants: cheap$, average$$, expensive$$$ Oregon native plant nursery master list. Bosky Dell Natives, great website! $$ (503) 683-5945 Willamette Gardens, Esther McEvoy $ (541) 754-0893 Wallace Hansen Nursery, Wally Hansen $$$ (503) 581-2638 Primarily wholesale, Cynthia Lafferty $ (541) 484-9207
Ferris Nursery Wholesale South Beach, Rennie Ferris $ (541) 265-5709

Most 'regular' nurseries now carry at least some natives.
The following usually have a variety of natives to choose from.

Blake's Nursery Gleneden Beach $$ (541) 764-5140
Garland Nursery Corvallis $$ (541) 753-6601
Greer Gardens Eugene $$$ (800) 548-0111
Bloomers Nursery Eugene $ (541) 687-5919
Russell Graham Salem $ (503) 362-1135
Trillium Gardens Pleasant Hill $$ (541) 937-3073

For those who like to grow their own, many natives are easy to propagate.
Grow Your Own Native Landscape, Michael Leigh
Propagation of Pacific Northwest Natives, Rose Chaculski and Haase

At the request of PADL, the above information was first presented on International Migratory Bird Day on Saturday, May 13, 2006 by Master Gardener Bruce Waugh - who has been gardening on the Oregon Coast for over 25 years - former native plant gardener at the Oregon Coast Aquarium and a member of the Lincoln County Mycological Society, Oregon Native Plant Society and The Nature Conservancy. Oregon State University Extension Service manages the Master Gardener program.

Added note about huckleberries for Native Americans:

The Huckleberry Story: A Bridge Between Culture and Science - Oregon State University Extension

Photo: Evergreen Huckleberry (Washington State education)

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